Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb, Predicate Nominatives, Direct Objects
A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. The subject tells who or what about the verb. When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. For more information see Lesson 95.
A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals. For more information see Lesson 102.
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phraseA prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.
Source: Lesson 71. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does. For more information see Lesson 109.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in the these sentences.
1. Mutt and Jeff were old comic characters.
2. Ila scraped and rubbed the old tub for hours.
3. He hit the ball hard and ran to first base.
4. Do you have the ticket or the money?
5. Well, the television program had too much violence and gore.