Daily Grammar

Lessons 183

Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

A prepositional phraseA prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and the object of the preposition.
Source: Lesson 176
may be used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject. Source: Lesson 151 telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun.  An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161 telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective.  Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.

1. The real owner of the property is not available for comment.

The real owner of the property is not available for comment.
  - for comment modifies owner (telling which)
  - for comment modifies available (telling how)

2. I have no time for your excuses or delays.

I have no time for your excuses or delays.
  - for your excuses or delays modifies time (telling what kind)

3. The manager came for the answer.

The manager came for the answer.
  - for the answer modifies came (telling why)

4. In this century we are preserving our forests.

In this century we are preserving our forests.
  - In this century modifies are preserving (telling when)

5. You will always be one of my best friends.

You will always be one of my best friends.
  - of my best friends modifies one (telling which)



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