Daily Grammar

Lesson 186

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
, adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161, prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 176
, and objects of the preposition in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. We are proud of our family and of their effort.

WeS areV proudPAdj ofPrep ourAdj familyOoP and ofPrep theirAdj  
effortOoP.

  - proud modifies We
  - of our family modifies proud
  - our modifies family
  - of their effort modifies proud
  - their modifies effort

2. The dark colors from the accident stained everything by the road.

TheAdj darkAdj colorsS fromPrep theAdj accidentOoP  
stainedV everythingDO byPrep theAdj  
roadOoP.

  - The and dark modify colors
  - from the accident modifies colors
  - the modifies accident
  - by the road modifies everything
  - the modifies road

3. The teacher grabbed from her desk a new test for one of the students.

TheAdj teacherS grabbedV fromPrep herAdj deskOoP aAdj  
newAdj testDO forPrep oneOoP ofPrep theAdj  
studentsOoP.

  - The modifies teacher
  - from her desk modifies grabbed
  - her modifies desk
  - a and new modify test
  - for one modifies grabbed
  - of the students modifies one
  - the modifies students

4. Into the police station staggered the wounded man.

IntoPrep theAdj policeAdj stationOoP staggeredV theAdj  
woundedAdj manS.

  - Into the police station modifies staggered
  - the and police modify station
  - the and wounded modify man

5. The president of the company, Mr. Wright, is never wrong.

TheAdj presidentS ofPrep theAdj companyOoP,  
Mr. WrightApp, isV neverAdv wrongPAdj.

  - The modifies president
  - of the company modifies president
  - the modifies company
  - never modifies is
  - wrong modifies president

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