Daily Grammar

Lesson 187

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
, adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161, prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 176
, and objects of the preposition in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. The man with his boxes of candy stumbled and collapsed.

TheAdj manS withPrep hisAdj boxesOoP ofPrep candyOoP  
stumbledV and collapsedV.

  - The modifies man
  - with his boxes modifies man
  - his modifies boxes
  - of candy modifies boxes

2. The necklace was placed in the display case in the window of the jewelry store.

TheAdj necklaceS was placedV inPrep theAdj displayAdj  
caseOoP inPrep theAdj windowOoP  
ofPrep theAdj jewelryAdj  
storeOoP.

  - The modifies necklace
  - in the display case modifies was placed
  - the and display modify case
  - in the window modifies case
  - the modifies window
  - of the jewelry store modifies window
  - the and jewelry modify store

3. Those immense factories on the southwest side are changing our city.

ThoseAdj immenseAdj factoriesS onPrep theAdj  
southwestAdj sideOoP  
are changingV ourAdj cityDO.

  - Those and immense modify factories
  - on the southwest side modifies factories
  - the and southwest modify side
  - our modifies city

4. The man in the first car is the new governor.

TheAdj manS inPrep theAdj firstAdj carOoP isV theAdj newAdj  
governorPN.

  - The modifies man
  - in the first car modifies man
  - the and first modify car
  - the and new modify governor

5. Many of the citizens had hated the plan from the beginning.

ManyS ofPrep theAdj citizensOoP had hatedV theAdj  
planDO fromPrep theAdj beginningOoP.

  - of the citizens modifies Many
  - the modifies citizens
  - the modifies plan
  - from the beginning modifies had hated
  - the modifies beginning

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