Daily Grammar

Lesson 188

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
, adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161, prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 176
, and objects of the preposition in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. The defendant's lawyer was not available for comment.

TheAdj defendant'sAdj lawyerS wasV notAdv  
availablePAdj forPrep commentOoP.

  - The and defendant's modify lawyer
  - not modifies was
  - available modifies lawyer
  - for comment modifies available

2. Sherry, where have you placed my book of jokes?

SherryNoA, whereAdv haveV youS placedV myAdj bookDO  
ofPrep jokesOoP?

  - where modifies have placed
  - the modifies book
  - of jokes modifies book

3. I still live in that wood house near the railroad tracks.

IS stillAdv liveV inPrep thatAdj woodAdj houseOoP nearPrep theAdj  
railroadAdj tracksOoP.

  - still modifies live
  - in that wood house modifies live
  - that and wood modify house
  - near the railroad tracks modifies house
  - the and railroad modify tracks

4. The rooms of the office were old and musty.

TheAdj roomsS ofPrep theAdj officeOoP wereV oldPAdj and  
mustyPAdj.

  - The modifies rooms
  - of the office modifies rooms
  - old and musty modify rooms

5. I love everything about your idea for a party.

IS loveV everythingDO aboutPrep yourAdj ideaOoP forPrep aAdj  
partyOoP.

  - about your idea modifies everything
  - your modifies idea
  - for a party modifies idea
  - a modifies party

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