Daily Grammar

Lesson 198

Parts of the Sentence - Objective Complement

An objective complement can be a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16 or an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 which follows the direct objectA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
renaming or modifying it. It is used with verbs like make, name, call, choose, elect, and appoint. It is not set off with commas as an appositiveAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126 is.

I call my dog BadgerN.

A verb that has an objective complement in the active voice may in the passive voice have a predicate nominativeA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101 or a predicate adjectiveAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155

I call my dog Badger. (objective complement)
My dog is called Badger by me. (predicate nominative)

I consider my dog smart. (objective complement)
My dog is considered smart by me. (predicate adjective)

Instructions: Find the objective complements in the following sentences and tell whether they are nouns or adjectives.

1. NASA found the astronauts healthy and cheerful.

NASA found the astronauts healthyAdj and cheerfulAdj.

2. Special circumstances can make ordinary people heroes.

Special circumstances can make ordinary people heroesN.

3. The group appointed the new member secretary.

The group appointed the new member secretaryN.

4. We have always considered you capable of great things.

We have always considered you capableAdj of great things.

5. The minister pronounced the young couple man and wife.

The minister pronounced the young couple manN and wifeN.

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