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Lesson 209

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

 

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles and infinitives.

 

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun. Example: Eating is fun.

 

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen.

 

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

 

Instructions: Find the verbals in the following sentences.

 

1. Sometimes I need to work more effectively.

 

2. Surreptitiously slipping the answers to his friend, the boy looked innocently at the ceiling.

 

3. Why won't you try to be nicer?

 

4. I hope we never become too old to learn.

 

5. Having forgotten her lines, Jena fled from the stage.

 

 

--For answers scroll down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

 

1. to work

 

2. slipping

 

3. to be

 

4. to learn

 

5. having forgotten

 


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DAILY GRAMMAR - - - - by Mr. Johanson

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