Daily Grammar

Lesson 209

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16.

Example:
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.

Examples:
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161.

Examples:
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the verbals in the following sentences.

1. Sometimes I need to work more effectively.

Sometimes I need to work more effectively.

2. Surreptitiously slipping the answers to his friend, the boy looked innocently at the ceiling.

Surreptitiously slipping the answers to his friend, the boy looked innocently at the ceiling.

3. Why won't you try to be nicer?

Why won't you try to be nicer?

4. I hope we never become too old to learn.

I hope we never become too old to learn.

5. Having forgotten her lines, Jena fled from the stage.

Having forgotten her lines, Jena fled from the stage.

© 1996 Word Place, Inc.