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Lesson 210

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

 

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles and infinitives.

 

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun. Example: Eating is fun.

 

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen.

 

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

 

Instructions: Find the verbals in the following sentences.

 

1. Changing his mind, Fred agreed to play the part.

 

2. Having been seen at lunch, the man tried to escape.

 

3. The team winning the final game will win the cup.

 

4. One way to improve is to work harder.

 

5. Decayed and crumbling, that old wall is dangerous.

 

 

--For answers scroll down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

 

1. changing / to play

 

2. having been seen / to escape

 

3. winning

 

4. to improve / to work

 

5. decayed / crumbling

 


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DAILY GRAMMAR - - - - by Mr. Johanson

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