Daily Grammar

Lesson 210

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16.

Example:
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.

Examples:
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161.

Examples:
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the verbals in the following sentences.

1. Changing his mind, Fred agreed to play the part.

Changing his mind, Fred agreed to play the part.

2. Having been seen at lunch, the man tried to escape.

Having been seen at lunch, the man tried to escape.

3. The team winning the final game will win the cup.

The team winning the final game will win the cup.

4. One way to improve is to work harder.

One way to improve is to work harder.

5. Decayed and crumbling, that old wall is dangerous.

Decayed and crumbling, that old wall is dangerous.

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