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Lesson 213

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Gerunds


A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun. Eating is fun.


The gerund can be a subject (Eating is fun.); a direct object (I like eating.); a predicate nominative (A fun time is eating.); an appositive (A fun time, eating, takes much time.); an indirect object (I give eating too much time.); or an object of a preposition (I give much time to eating.)


Gerunds can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a gerund phrase. Example: Eating solid foods is hard for babies. Eating is the gerund used as the subject of the verb is. It has its own direct object foods with the adjective solid, which together make up the gerund phrase eating solid foods serving as the subject of the sentence.


Gerunds can be compound. Example: Jeff likes hiking and camping.


Instructions: Find the gerunds and gerund phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used (subject, direct object, predicate nominative, appositive, indirect object, or object of the preposition).


1. Directing traffic and helping school children is her job.


2. Do you watch boxing or wrestling?


3. For knitting and sewing you need good eyes.


4. My needs, exercising and losing weight, must be realized soon.


5. My mother gives helping and serving others all her time.



--For answers scroll down.














1. directing traffic/helping school children = subjects


2. boxing/wrestling = direct objects


3. knitting/sewing = objects of the preposition


4. exercising/losing weight = appositives


5. helping/serving others = indirect objects


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