Daily Grammar

Lesson 236

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16.

Example:
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.

Examples:
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161.

Examples:
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives, or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.

1. To see better, I got new glasses.

To see better, I got new glasses.
 - To see better (adverb infinitive phrase) modifies gotV

2. Sometimes I just need to do more.

Sometimes I just need to do more.
 - to do more (noun infinitive phrase) used as a direct object

3. Having changed his mind, he turned to go.

Having changed his mind, he turned to go.
 - Having changed his mind (participial phrase) modifies heS

 - to go (adverb infinitive) modifies turnedV

4. The team winning the match will be given new shirts.

The team winning the match will be given new shirts.
 - winning the match (participial phrase) modifies teamS

5. You can go home only by crossing the street.

You can go home only by crossing the street.
 - crossing the street (gerund phrase) used as an object of a preposition

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