Daily Grammar

Lesson 238

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16.

Example:
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.

Examples:
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161.

Examples:
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives, or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.

1. Blaming others is not being honest with oneself.

Blaming others is not being honest with oneself.
 - Blaming others (gerund phrase) used as the subject

2. We do not plan to change the rules.

We do not plan to change the rules.
 - to change the rules (noun infinitive phrase) used as the direct object

3. Forgetting his promise, Jeff returned home late.

Forgetting his promise, Jeff returned home late.
 - Forgetting his promise (participial phrase) modifies JeffS

4. My dog is too old to learn new tricks.

My dog is too old to learn new tricks.
 - to learn new tricks (adverb infinitive phrase) modifies oldPAdj

5. One way to improve is regular practice.

One way to improve is regular practice.
 - to improve (adjective infinitive) modifies wayS

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