Daily Grammar

Lesson 253

Parts of the Sentence - Adjective Dependent Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clauseA clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.
Source: Lesson 246
and a dependent clauseA clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. A dependent clause must be attached to the independent clause to make sense. It is always used as some part of speech. A dependent clause can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.  Source: Lesson 246.

Example:
The television was playingindependent clause   
as I left the roomdependent clause.

There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause, and noun clause. The adjective clause is used to modify a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16 or a pronounA pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or a group of words used as a noun.
Source: Lesson 21
.  It will begin with a relative pronounRelative pronouns join dependent clauses to independent clauses. They are who, whose, whom, which, and that.  Source: Lesson 26 (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, and while.
Source: Lesson 84
(when and where).  Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause.  The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a prepositionA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.  Source: Lesson 176 which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames.

Examples:
The student whose hand was upadjective clause gave  
the wrong answer.

Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidenceadjective clause.

Instructions: Find the adjective dependent clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. The ride that we rode at the amusement park was very scary.

The ride that we rode at the amusement parkadjective clause  
was very scary.

  - that we rode at the amusement park modifies ride

2. Here is the place where the plane wrecked.

Here is the place where the plane wreckedadjective clause.

  - where the plane wrecked modifies place

3. The diamond in that ring that Mark bought was gigantic.

The diamond in that ring that Mark boughtadjective clause was gigantic.

  - that Mark bought modifies ring

4. The dress that the Queen is wearing weighs fifty pounds.

The dress that the Queen is wearingadjective clause  
weighs fifty pounds.

  - that the Queen is wearing modifies dress

5. The student whose hand was raised shouted out the answer.

The student whose hand was raisedadjective clause  
shouted out the answer.

  - whose hand was raised modifies student

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