Daily Grammar

Lesson 261

Parts of the Sentence - Adverb Dependent Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clauseA clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.
Source: Lesson 246
and a dependent clauseA clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. A dependent clause must be attached to the independent clause to make sense. It is always used as some part of speech. A dependent clause can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.  Source: Lesson 246.

Example:
The television was playingindependent clause   
as I left the roomdependent clause.

There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clauseThe adjective clause is a dependent clause that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause.
Source: Lesson 251
, adverb clause, and noun clause. An adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, or another adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161. They usually modify the verb.

Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, and while.
Source: Lesson 84
including after, although, as, as if, before, because, if, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, where, and while. These are just some of the more common ones.

Example:
They arrived before the game had endedadverb clause.

 - before the game had ended modifies arrived

Instructions: Find the adverb dependent clauses in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. You clean the bathroom while I clean the carpet.

You clean the bathroom while I clean the carpetadverb clause.

 - while I clean the carpet modifies clean

2. Ann was confident that she would play the best.

Ann was confident that she would play the bestadverb clause.

 - that she would play the best modifies confident

3. Bring in the toys before they get destroyed.

Bring in the toys before they get destroyedadverb clause.

 - before they get destroyed modifies Bring

4. I stood on the box so that I could see the top of the shelf.

I stood on the box so that I could see the top of the shelfadverb clause.

 - so that I could see the top of the shelf modifies stood

5. Your face becomes red when you are angry.

Your face becomes red when you are angryadverb clause.

 - when you are angry modifies becomes

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