Daily Grammar

Lesson 269

Parts of the Sentence - Adverb Clauses

Adverb clausesThe adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. They usually modify the verb. Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunction including after, although, as, as if, before, because, if, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, where, and while.  Source: Lesson 261 can be used in various ways (as with adjective clausesThe adjective clause is a dependent clause that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause.
Source: Lesson 251
). Because of this, they can give variety to your sentences.

Sometimes we find adverb clauses that have left some words out. They are called reduced adverb clauses.

Example:
While (she was) speaking to the timid student, the teacher spoke slowly.

Instructions: Reduce the adverb clauses in these sentences.

1. After hearing the terrible noise, they ran for their lives.

After they had heard the terrible noise, they ran for their lives.

2. The customer paid for his groceries when passing through the check out stand.

The customer paid for his groceries when he passed through the check out stand.

3. Allen is only happy while participating in an argument.

Allen is only happy while he is participating in an argument.

4. Before leaving for the hike, the boy scouts were warned about snakes.

Before they left for the hike, the boy scouts were warned about snakes.

5. Until watering the lawn in the morning, he didn't see the dandelions in it.

Until he had watered the lawn in the morning, he didn't see the dandelions in it.

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