Daily Grammar

Lesson 239

Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16.

Example:
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.

Examples:
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverbAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161.

Examples:
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives, or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.

1. The glancing blow did little damage.

The glancing blow did little damage.
 - glancing (participle) modifies blowS

2. Go to the dictionary to look for the answer.

Go to the dictionary to look for the answer.
 - to look for the answer (adverb infinitive phrase) modifies GoV

3. This computer game is easy to play and to understand.

This computer game is easy to play and to understand.
 - to play and to understand (adverb infinitives) modify easyPAdj

4. Have you tried writing it down daily?

Have you tried writing it down daily?
 - writing it down daily (gerund phrase) used as the direct object

5. His chief interests are skiing and racing.

His chief interests are skiing and racing.
 - skiing and racing (gerunds) used as predicate nominatives

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